Biotechnology cancer rare diseases

Study Reports Possible Novel Method for Stopping Untreatable Pediatric Brain Cancer

Researchers used an experimental molecular therapy in preclinical laboratory tests to effectively treat several types of deadly pediatric brain cancer and now propose advancing the treatment to clinical testing in children. Scientists at the Cincinnati Children’s Cancer and Blood Diseases Institute report in the journal Molecular Cancer Therapeutics testing the small molecule 6-thio-2’deoxyguanosine (6-thio-dG) in brain cancer stem cells derived from tumor cells donated by patients. Researchers also tested the
Cancer Discovery

Thirdhand Smoke Found to Increase Lung Cancer Risk in Mice

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) identified thirdhand smoke, the toxic residues that linger on indoor surfaces and in dust long after a cigarette has been extinguished, as a health hazard nearly 10 years ago. Now a new study has found that it also increases lung cancer risk in mice. A team led by Antoine Snijders, Jian-Hua Mao, and Bo Hang of Berkeley Lab
Cancer Discovery

Study Suggests Way to Attack Deadly, Untreatable Nerve Tumors

Photo caption: This microscopic image uses immunostaining to highlight the presence of TAZ/YAP (shown in green) in human malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors that grew from Schwann cells. The job of Schwann cells is to form the protective nerve sheath. The cell nuclei are shown in blue. The image is from a study by scientists at Cincinnati Children’s published by the journal Cancer Cell. Genomic profiling of mostly untreatable and
Biotechnology Immunotherapies Infectious Diseases rare diseases

Good-Guy Bacteria May Help Cancer Immunotherapies Do Their Job

Individuals with certain types of bacteria in their gut may be more likely to respond well to cancer immunotherapy, researchers at the Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center found in a study of patients with metastatic melanoma. The incidence of melanoma has been increasing over the past 40 years. Immunotherapies have dramatically improved the outlook for patients with metastatic melanoma in the past half-dozen years, but still only about half
Neurology Pharmaceutical Business News

Data Showing Anti-Addictive/Pain Relief Benefits of Cannabinoids to be Presented at Upcoming Society of Neuroscience Meeting

Data recently obtained from Nemus Bioscience's research and development partner, the University of Mississippi (UM) will show the superiority of the NEMUS proprietary analogue of CBD, NB2222, versus plant-derived CBD in ameliorating pain in a validated mouse (murine) model of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy using an opioid as an active comparator.  The data was accepted for a presentation at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Society of Neuroscience to held in
Pharmaceutical Business News

Sangamo Therapeutics and Pfizer Announce Collaboration for Hemophilia A Gene Therapy

Sangamo Therapeutics, Inc. and Pfizer Inc. announced this week, an exclusive, global collaboration and license agreement for the development and commercialization of gene therapy programs for Hemophilia A, including SB-525, one of Sangamo's four lead product candidates, which Sangamo expects will enter the clinic this quarter. "Sangamo brings deep scientific and technical expertise across multiple genomic platforms, and we look forward to working together to advance this potentially transformative treatment
cancer rare diseases

Scientists Find Possible Achilles Heel of Treatment Resistant Cancers

Scientists identify two signaling proteins in cancer cells that make them resistant to chemotherapy, and show that blocking the proteins along with chemotherapy eliminate human leukemia in mouse models. Reporting results March 20 in Nature Medicine, researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center suggest that blocking the signaling proteins c-Fos and Dusp1 as part of combination therapy might cure several types of kinase-driven, treatment-resistant leukemia and solid tumor cancers. These
cancer Gene Therapy

Doctors Treat Deadly Cancerous Disorders with Gene-Guided, Targeted Therapy

Genomic testing of biopsies from patients with deadly, treatment-resistant cancerous blood syndromes called histiocytoses allowed doctors to identify genes fueling the ailments and use targeted molecular drugs to successfully treat them. Researchers from the Cincinnati Children’s Cancer and Blood Diseases Institute report their data in Journal of Clinical Investigation Insight (JCI Insight). They recommend the regular use of comprehensive genomic profiling at diagnosis to positively impact clinical care, as well
Clinical Trials Ophthalmology rare diseases

Queen’s Researcher Explores Best Treatments for Glaucoma

Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast together with University of St Andrews and Aberdeen have found that the procedure used to remove cataracts is more successful than current standard treatments with laser in treating Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma – a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Professor Azuara-Blanco at the Centre for Public Health at Queen’s led an international trial comparing two treatments for glaucoma – the standard treatment, or ‘laser iridotomy’,
cancer Cancer Discovery Neurology

Tumor Paint Brings Light To Toddler’s Brain Tumor

In December of last year, Laura Coffman began to notice that something wasn’t quite right with her 2-year-old son, Hunter. He was leaning to one side and seemed to lose his balance easily. When he became lethargic and started vomiting a few days later on Dec. 28, she knew it was time to see the pediatrician. After all standard tests came back normal, they were sent to Seattle Children’s for
Cannabinoid Research Ophthalmology Pharmaceuticals

New Class of Medicinals based on Cannabinoid Molecules, Spurs NEMUS Bioscience Inc. into Action

Q&A with Brian Murphy MD, CEO/CMO, NEMUS Bioscience Humans produce a range of chemical compounds called cannabinoids that keep the human body stable by binding to receptors on cell membranes and controlling the release of chemical messengers that regulate everything from how humans experience pain to our moods. While most people's endocannabinoid systems naturally help maintain a state of homeostasis, or stability, conditions such as multiple sclerosis or treatments for
cancer Cancer Discovery

Liquid Biopsies Offer Hope for Earlier Treatment, Better Tracking of Ovarian Cancer

Researchers at the Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine have found a promising new way to monitor and treat recurrence of ovarian cancer — a hard-to-detect disease that claims many lives. New research from George Vasmatzis, Ph.D., of the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology at Mayo Clinic, finds liquid biopsies from blood tests and DNA sequencing can detect a return of ovarian cancer long before a tumor reappears. That
cancer Cancer Discovery

Prevention of Genetic Breast Cancer Within Reach

An international team led by researchers at the Austrian Institute of Molecular Biotechnology (IMBA) in Vienna and the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore discovered that genetically determined breast cancer can be largely prevented by blocking a bone gene. An already approved drug could be quickly available and would then be the first breast cancer prevention drug. About one in eight women will develop invasive breast cancer over