Autism

Cognitive Enhancement Therapy Improves Outcomes for Adults with Autism

New collaborative research out of the University of Pittsburgh School of Social Work and the Department of Psychiatry signals a potential breakthrough for adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While there have been advances in early detection and many studies involving the treatment of children with ASD, few efforts to date have focused on interventions […]

cancer

Enzyme Inhibitor Combined with Chemotherapy Delays Glioblastoma Growth

 In animal experiments, a human-derived glioblastoma significantly regressed when treated with the combination of an experimental enzyme inhibitor and the standard glioblastoma chemotherapy drug, temozolomide. The regression seen in this combination therapy of temozolomide and the inhibitor SLC-0111 — which targets the enzyme carbonic anhydrase 9, or CA9 — was greater than that seen with […]

Neurology Neuroscience

Potential New Autism Drug Shows Promise in Mice

Scientists have performed a successful test of a possible new drug in a mouse model of an autism disorder. The candidate drug, called NitroSynapsin, largely corrected electrical, behavioral and brain abnormalities in the mice. NitroSynapsin is intended to restore an electrical signaling imbalance in the brain found in virtually all forms of autism spectrum disorder […]

cancer

Proton Therapy Lowers Treatment Side Effects in Pediatric Head and Neck Cancer Patients

Pediatric patients with head and neck cancer can be treated with proton beam therapy (PBT) instead of traditional photon radiation, and it will result in similar outcomes with less impact on quality of life. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania as well as Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia analyzed cases of pediatric head and […]

Biotechnology

A Dietary Supplement Dampens the Brain Hyperexcitability Seen in Seizures or Epilepsy

Seizure disorders — including epilepsy — are associated with pathological hyperexcitability in brain neurons. Unfortunately, there are limited available treatments that can prevent this hyperexcitability. However, University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have found that inducing a biochemical alteration in brain proteins via the dietary supplement glucosamine was able to rapidly dampen that pathological hyperexcitability in rat […]

Cancer Discovery Immunotherapies

Cell Surface Protein May Offer Big Target in Treating High-Risk Childhood Cancers

Oncology researchers studying high-risk children’s cancers have identified a protein that offers a likely target for immunotherapy–harnessing the immune system in medical treatments. In cell cultures and animal models, a potent drug attached to an antibody selectively zeroes in on cancer cells without harming healthy cells. “We have built a strong foundation for developing a […]

Alzheimers and Dementia Biotechnology

Researchers Find a Potential Target for Anti-Alzheimer’s Treatments

Scientists at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg have identified a gene that may provide a new starting point for developing treatments for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The USP9 gene has an indirect influence on the so-called tau protein, which is believed to play a significant role in the onset […]

cancer Cancer Discovery Neurology

Brain Cancer And Leukemia: New Molecular Mechanisms Decoded

Brain cancer and leukemia are two potentially fatal diseases that affect thousands of Canadians each year. But a joint study conducted by researchers Frederick Antoine Mallette, of the Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Centre and the University of Montreal, and Marc-Étienne Huot, of Laval University, and published in the prestigious scientific journal Nature Communications has uncovered new […]

cancer

Stereotactic Radiosurgery May Be Best for Patients with Metastatic Brain Tumors

Patients with three or fewer metastatic brain tumors who received treatment with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) had less cognitive deterioration three months after treatment than patients who received SRS combined with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). These findings are according to the results of a federally funded, Mayo Clinic-led, multi-institution research study published today in the […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

International Study Finds Effective, Less Toxic Way to Treat Brain Tumors

Physicians from Carolinas HealthCare System’s Neurosciences Institute and Levine Cancer Institute are among the authors of a study that was accepted for publication by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). The study, released on July 26, 2016, shows that patients with the most common form of brain tumor can be treated in an […]

Alzheimers and Dementia Antibiotics

Antibiotics Weaken Alzheimer’s Disease Progression Through Changes in the Gut Microbiome

Long-term treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics decreased levels of amyloid plaques, a hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease, and activated inflammatory microglial cells in the brains of mice in a new study by neuroscientists from the University of Chicago. The study, published July 21, 2016, in Scientific Reports, also showed significant changes in the gut microbiome after […]

Uncategorized

Changes Uncovered in the Gut Bacteria of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

A connection between the bacteria living in the gut and immunological disorders such as multiple sclerosis have long been suspected, but for the first time, researchers have detected clear evidence of changes that tie the two together. Investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) have found that people with multiple sclerosis have different patterns of […]

Alzheimers and Dementia

Understanding How Chemical Changes in the Brain Affect Alzheimer’s Disease

A new study from Western University is helping to explain why the long-term use of common anticholinergic drugs used to treat conditions like allergies and overactive bladder lead to an increased risk of developing dementia later in life. The findings show that long-term suppression of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine – a target for anticholinergic drugs – […]

Alzheimers and Dementia Gene Therapy Genomes

Case Western Reserve University Receives NIH Funding to Participate in Launch of Genomics Center on Alzheimer’s Disease

Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine is one of six recipients of a five-year, $10.8 million award from the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health, to establish the Coordinating Center for Genetics and Genomics of Alzheimer’s disease. The hope is that discovering genetic risk and prevention factors will enable […]

Alzheimers and Dementia

Penn Medicine Team and Collaborators Receive NIH Award to Launch Genomics Center on Alzheimer’s Disease

A five-year, projected $10.8 million award from the National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), will establish the Coordinating Center for Genetics and Genomics of Alzheimer’s Disease, a joint venture of researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and five other institutions. Penn will […]

Cardiology

George Washington University Researchers Receive $1.6 Million to Improve Cardiac Function During Heart Failure

Researchers at the George Washington University (GW) received $1.6 million from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to study a heart-brain connection that could help the nearly 23 million people suffering from heart failure worldwide. The four-year project will study ways to restore parasympathetic activity to the heart through oxytocin neuron activation, which could […]

Uncategorized

Montefiore and Einstein Researchers Leverage Social Media to Uncover New Data on Migraine Sensory Experiences

A highly trafficked social media forum is yielding new findings on migraine symptoms, according to clinical researchers from the Montefiore Headache Center and Albert Einstein College of Medicine. A new report, “Special sensory experiences in migraine: a social media study,” reveals important disease epidemiology on migraine experiences like olfactory hallucinations, which may not be uncovered […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

From Nanotechnology, A Better Prognostic Tool For Brain Cancer

A new nano-fabricated platform for observing brain cancer cells provides a much more detailed look at how the cells migrate and a more accurate post-surgery prognosis for brain cancer (glioblastoma) patients. By creating an environment similar to the one that glioblastoma cells naturally navigate, Yale and Hopkins researchers could accurately predict the clinical outcomes of […]