cancer Immunotherapies

First In-Human Clinical Trial Targeting CD4 Protein for Aggressive T-cell Leukemia and Lymphoma to be Launched

Stony Brook University, iCell Gene Therapeutics, and the University of Louisville, have received Food and Drug Administration (FDA) clearance for an Investigational New Drug (IND) for the treatment of relapsed and refractory T-cell leukemia and lymphoma. The approach is the first to use chimeric antigen receptor engineered T-cells directed against the target protein CD4 (CD4CAR). […]

cancer

New Study Shows Repurposing Leukemia Drugs May Prevent Melanoma Metastasis

Data from a new study led by University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers shows that repurposing drugs used to treat leukemia has promise for preventing melanoma metastasis. Published in Science Signaling, the study showed new evidence linking the activation of ABL kinases – cancer-promoting genes – to the secretion of pro-metastatic cathepsins in melanoma. Cathepsins are […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Researchers Detect a Loophole in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Treatment

A team of researchers in Italy and Austria has determined that a drug approved to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) may be less effective in a particular subset of patients. The study, which will be published January 4 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, reveals that ibrutinib has a diminished capacity to delocalize and kill tumor […]

Biotechnology Cell Therapy Clinical Trials rare diseases stem cells

CRI Scientists Discover Vitamin C Regulates Stem Cell Function and Suppresses Leukemia Development

Not much is known about stem cell metabolism, but a new study from the Children’s Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern (CRI) has found that stem cells take up unusually high levels of vitamin C, which then regulates their function and suppresses the development of leukemia. “We have known for a while that people with […]

cancer Immunotherapies

Nanoparticles Reprogram Immune Cells to Fight Cancer

Researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center have developed biodegradable nanoparticles that can be used to genetically program immune cells to recognize and destroy cancer cells — while the immune cells are still inside the body. In a proof-of-principle study to be published April 17 in Nature Nanotechnology, the team showed that nanoparticle-programmed immune cells, […]

cancer rare diseases

Scientists Find Possible Achilles Heel of Treatment Resistant Cancers

Scientists identify two signaling proteins in cancer cells that make them resistant to chemotherapy, and show that blocking the proteins along with chemotherapy eliminate human leukemia in mouse models. Reporting results March 20 in Nature Medicine, researchers at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center suggest that blocking the signaling proteins c-Fos and Dusp1 as part of […]

Clinical Trials

Monoclonal Antibody Drug Superior to Chemotherapy for Advanced Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

More than 100 centers participate in Phase III randomized trial revealing longer overall survival A Phase III clinical trial involving 101 centers in 21 countries revealed the monoclonal antibody blinatumomab to be more effective than standard chemotherapy for treatment of advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study findings were published in the March 1 online issue […]

Biotechnology

Mayo Clinic Researchers Find Association Between Therapy for Autoimmune Disease and Bone Marrow Disorders

Mayo Clinic researchers have found that azathioprine, a drug commonly used to treat autoimmune disease, may increase the risk of myeloid neoplasms. Myeloid neoplasms include a spectrum of potentially life-threatening bone marrow disorders, such as myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia. The results are published in JAMA Oncology. Researchers analyzed more than 40,000 patient cases […]

Biotechnology cancer Clinical Trials

New Trial Hopes to Increase Survival for Kids With Cancer, Reduce Risk of Long Term Cardiac Damage

Imagine conquering childhood cancer, only to find out that years down the road your heart may fail. Unfortunately, many children who have battled cancer face this reality. While often lifesaving, the effects of chemotherapy treatment (drugs that kill cancer cells) can take a toll on the developing body of a child, potentially resulting in life-threatening […]

Biotechnology rare diseases

Stem Cell-Based Test Predicts Leukemia Patients’ Response to Therapy to Help Tailor Treatment

Newswise — (TORONTO, Canada – Dec. 7, 2016) – Leukemia researchers at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre have developed a 17-gene signature derived from leukemia stem cells that can predict at diagnosis if patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) will respond to standard treatment. The findings, published online today in Nature, could potentially transform patient care […]

Biotechnology cancer Clinical Trials Pharmaceuticals

Leukemia Drug Combo Is Encouraging in Early Phase I Clinical Trial

In a small study, 67 percent of leukemia patients treated with combination of thioguanine and decitabine responded to treatment Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center and NewYork-Presbyterian reported that 8 out of 12 patients with relapsed and/or chemotherapy refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or other blood cancers responded to a regimen including the chemotherapy drugs […]

cancer Clinical Trials Immunotherapies

Experimental CAR-T Treatment Halted as Two More Patients Die During Clinical Trials

Juno Therapeutics said Wednesday it has suspended a Phase II clinical trial of a cancer drug after two patients suffered cerebral edema earlier this week, leaving one dead and the other not expected to recover. The company’s ‘Rocket’ trial for B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is testing a drug it calls JCAR015. These drugs work […]

cancer Cell Therapy

Long-Sought Genetic Model Of Common Infant Leukemia Described

After nearly two decades of unsuccessful attempts, researchers from the University of Chicago Medicine and the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center have created the first mouse model for the most common form of infant leukemia. Their discovery, published in the Nov. 14, 2016, issue of Cancer Cell, could hasten development and testing of new drug […]

cancer Cell Therapy

Antibody Breaks Leukemia’s Hold, Providing New Therapeutic Approach

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive cancer known for drug resistance and relapse. In an effort to uncover new treatment strategies, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center discovered that a cell surface molecule known as CD98 promotes AML. The study, published October 27 by Cancer Cell, […]

cancer Cancer Discovery Neurology

Brain Cancer And Leukemia: New Molecular Mechanisms Decoded

Brain cancer and leukemia are two potentially fatal diseases that affect thousands of Canadians each year. But a joint study conducted by researchers Frederick Antoine Mallette, of the Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital Research Centre and the University of Montreal, and Marc-Étienne Huot, of Laval University, and published in the prestigious scientific journal Nature Communications has uncovered new […]

cancer Cell Therapy

Blood Cancer Treatment May Age Immune Cells As Much As 30 Years

Certain cancer treatments are known to take a toll on patients, causing side effects like fatigue, nausea and hair loss. Now, scientists are investigating whether some treatments can cause another long-term side effect: premature aging of important disease-fighting cells. University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers, by tracking a molecular marker that has […]

Biotechnology cancer Cell Therapy

RESEARCHERS DEVELOP NEW STRATEGY TO LIMIT SIDE EFFECTS OF STEM CELL TRANSPLANTS

Scientists in Germany have developed a new approach that may prevent leukemia and lymphoma patients from developing graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) after therapeutic bone marrow transplants. The researchers describe the successful application of their strategy in mice in “Exogenous TNFR2 activation protects from acute GvHD via host T reg cell expansion,” which will be published online […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Researchers inhibit tumor growth in new subtype of lung cancer

Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer deaths, accounting for about a third of all tumor-related deaths. Adenocarcinomas, a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), account for about 40 percent of cancer diagnoses, but few treatments are available for the disease. A team of investigators led by Elena Levantini, PhD, a research associate in […]

Biotechnology cancer Cancer Discovery Cell Therapy

Hybrid Treatment Hunts Down and Kills Leukemia Cells

Researchers at UC Davis and Ionis Pharmaceuticals have developed a hybrid treatment that harnesses a monoclonal antibody to deliver antisense DNA to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells and that may lead to less toxic treatments for the disease. The study, published in the journal Molecular Medicine, demonstrated that once delivered, the therapeutic DNA reduced levels […]

cancer Cell Therapy Gene Therapy Genomes

Body’s Own Gene Editing System Generates Leukemia Stem Cells

Cancer stem cells are like zombies — even after a tumor is destroyed, they can keep coming back. These cells have an unlimited capacity to regenerate themselves, making more cancer stem cells and more tumors. Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have now unraveled how pre-leukemic white blood cell precursors become […]