Biotechnology

New explanation for why airways close in asthma holds promise for future class of drugs

 Houston Methodist researchers have a new explanation for what causes the lungs’ airways to close during asthma attacks that could change the lives of the 300 million people worldwide who suffer from asthma. The discovery holds promise for developing a new class of drugs that is radically different from the steroids currently used to treat […]

Biotechnology

Beta Blockers May Boost Immunotherapy, Help Melanoma Patients Live Longer

A common, inexpensive drug that is used to prevent heart attacks and lower blood pressure may also help melanoma patients live longer. Researchers at Penn State found that melanoma patients who received immunotherapy while taking a specific type of beta blocker lived longer than patients who received immunotherapy alone. In a follow-up experiment with mice, […]

Biotechnology cancer Clinical Trials Immunotherapies

For cancer patients with HIV, immunotherapy appears safe

A new category of immunotherapies called checkpoint inhibitors that has been highly effective against many different cancers appears safe to use in patients with both advanced malignancies and HIV, a population excluded from earlier trials of such therapies, according to an early-phase trial. Study Principal Investigator, Dr. Thomas Uldrick of the HIV & AIDS Malignancy […]

Biotechnology Cell Therapy Clinical Trials Gene Therapy Immunotherapies Infectious Diseases Vaccines

New molecule shows promise in HIV vaccine design

Researchers at the University of Maryland and Duke University have designed a novel protein-sugar vaccine candidate that, in an animal model, stimulated an immune response against sugars that form a protective shield around HIV. The molecule could one day become part of a successful HIV vaccine. “An obstacle to creating an effective HIV vaccine is […]

Biotechnology Immunotherapies Pharmaceuticals

Drug targeting technique could aid therapies for immune diseases

A new technique that targets drugs to specific cells could lead to improved therapies for diseases caused by an overactive immune response. The approach could help people affected by conditions such as arthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases, where the body’s own immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissues. Researchers focused on a group of immune cells […]

Biotechnology

Immune Cells Produce Wound Healing Factor, Could Lead To New IBD Treatment

Specific immune cells have the ability to produce a healing factor that can promote wound repair in the intestine, a finding that could lead to new, potential therapeutic treatments for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to a new research study. The research team, led by Georgia State University and the University of Michigan, wanted to […]

cancer Immunotherapies

Modulating T-Cell Metabolism Uncovers New Technology for Enhancing Immunotherapy

T lymphocytes found in tumors and implicated in killing tumor cells cope with the shortage of oxygen and nutrients in the tumor microenvironment by using fat as the main source of energy. Promoting a switch from glucose to fatty acid to generate energy enhances T cell antitumor activity. These findings from a study conducted at The […]

Cancer Discovery Immunotherapies

Cell Surface Protein May Offer Big Target in Treating High-Risk Childhood Cancers

Oncology researchers studying high-risk children’s cancers have identified a protein that offers a likely target for immunotherapy–harnessing the immune system in medical treatments. In cell cultures and animal models, a potent drug attached to an antibody selectively zeroes in on cancer cells without harming healthy cells. “We have built a strong foundation for developing a […]

Biotechnology cancer

Wistar scientists develop novel immunotherapy technology for prostate cancer

A study led by scientists at The Wistar Institute describes a novel immunotherapeutic strategy for the treatment of cancer based on the use of synthetic DNA to directly encode protective antibodies against a cancer specific protein. This is the first application of the new technology, called DNA-encoded monoclonal antibody (DMAb), for cancer immunotherapy. The study […]

Arthritis Biotechnology Cell Therapy Clinical Trials Immunotherapies

Targeting ‘broken’ metabolism in immune cells reduces inflammatory disease

The team, led by researchers at Imperial College London, Queen Mary University of London and Ergon Pharmaceuticals, believes the approach could offer new hope in the treatment of inflammatory conditions like arthritis, autoimmune diseases and sepsis. In a study published this week in the journal Nature Communications, they explain how blocking a single enzyme enabled […]

Biotechnology

Trials show unique stem cells a potential asthma treatment

A study led by scientists at Monash University has shown that a new therapy developed through stem cell technology holds promise as a treatment for chronic asthma. The Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI) scientists provided the experimental expertise to test Cynata Therapeutics’ induced pluripotent stem cell-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in a model of experimental […]

Biotechnology cancer Vaccines

Immunotherapy with DNA vaccine shows promise for HPV-related head and neck cancer

A novel vaccine therapy can generate immune responses in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCCa), according to researchers at the Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania. The treatment specifically targets human papillomavirus (HPV), which is frequently associated with HNSCCa, to trigger the immune response. Researchers will present the results of […]

Infectious Diseases Laboratory Technology rare diseases

Researchers Develop Mouse That Could Provide Advance Warning of Next Flu Pandemic

Researchers in Germany have developed a transgenic mouse that could help scientists identify new influenza virus strains with the potential to cause a global pandemic. The mouse is described in a study, “In vivo evasion of MxA by avian influenza viruses requires human signature in the viral nucleoprotein,” that will be published April 10 in […]

Cell Therapy Vaccines

Progesterone Promotes Healing In The Lung After A Bout Of Flu

Over 100 million women are on hormonal contraceptives. All of them contain some form of progesterone, either alone or in combination with estrogen. A study published on Sept. 15th in PLOS Pathogens reports that treatment with progesterone protects female mice against the consequences of influenza infection by reducing inflammation and improving pulmonary function, primarily through […]

cancer Cancer Discovery Immunotherapies

Molecular Switch Controlling Immune Suppression May Help Turn Up Immunotherapies

Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Moores Cancer Center have identified a strategy to maximize the effectiveness of anti-cancer immune therapy. The researchers identified a molecular switch that controls immune suppression, opening the possibility to further improving and refining emerging immunotherapies that boost the body’s own abilities to fight diseases […]

Biotechnology Immunotherapies

Flesh-Eating Infections In Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients Spur New Discovery

Rheumatoid arthritis patients taking medications that inhibit interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), a molecule that stimulates the immune system, are 300 times more likely to experience invasive Group A Streptococcal infections than patients not on the drug, according to University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers. Their study, published August 19 in Science Immunology, also uncovers […]

Biotechnology cancer Immunotherapies

Cancer Research Institute to Honor Three Scientists for Outstanding Contributions to Cancer Immunotherapy Research

The Cancer Research Institute (CRI), a nonprofit organization established in 1953 to advance biomedical research with the goal of developing lifesaving immunotherapies for all forms of cancer, will bestow its highest honors on three scientists who have made fundamental contributions to the fields of immunology and cancer immunology. CRI will present the 2016 William B. […]

rare diseases

New Research Studies Identify Potential Cause of and New Treatment for Autoimmune Diseases

The American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association, Inc. (AARDA) is spotlighting two new research studies originally reported in ScienceDaily. The first study advances understanding of a potential cause of autoimmune disease, while the second examines a new treatment approach that could have wide-ranging implications for many autoimmune diseases. In both cases, AARDA believes the research is […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

New anti-cancer strategy mobilizes both innate and adaptive immune response

Though a variety of immunotherapy-based strategies are being used against cancer, they are often hindered by the inability of the immune response to enter the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and to effectively mount a response to cancer cells. Now, scientists from the RIKEN Center for Integrative Medical Sciences have developed a new vaccine that involves injecting […]