cancer Cancer Discovery

Early Skin Cancer More Accurately Diagnosed by Dermatologist Than Other Providers

Physician assistants (PAs) are increasingly used in dermatology practices to cut costs and improve access to care, but are more likely than dermatologists to perform unnecessary skin biopsies to check for cancer, while being less likely to accurately diagnose early stage skin cancers, according to new research conducted by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. […]

Biotechnology cancer Cell Therapy

Drug Reduces Size of Some Lung Cancer Tumors, Relapse Rate After Surgery

A drug given to early stage lung cancer patients before they undergo surgery showed major tumor responses in the removed tumor and an increase in anti-tumor T-cells that remained after the tumor was removed, which resulted in fewer relapse cases in the patients. The research teams at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy, […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Novel Clinical Tool to Predict Patient Survival Rate and Treatment Outcomes for Early-Stage Lung Cancer

A team of researchers, led by Professor Lim Chwee Teck from the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the National University of Singapore (NUS) and NUS PhD candidate Ms Lim Su Bin, has leveraged open source data to develop a personalised risk assessment tool that can potentially predict patient survival rate and treatment outcomes of early-stage […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Simultaneous Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy May Be Better for Some Metastatic Bladder Cancer Patients

Researchers from Mount Sinai and Sema4, a health information company and Mount Sinai venture, have discovered that giving metastatic bladder cancer patients simultaneous chemotherapy and immunotherapy is safe and that patients whose tumors have certain genetic mutations may respond particularly well to this combination approach, according to the results of a clinical trial published in European […]

Biotechnology cancer Pharmaceuticals Prodrug

New Drug Combo Improves Survival of Women with Rare Uterine Cancer

Adding the monoclonal antibody drug trastuzumab—already used to treat certain breast cancers—to the chemotherapy regimen of women with a rare form of uterine cancer lengthens the amount of time their tumors are kept from growing, according to Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers conducting a small phase II trial of the regimen, testing its safety and value. […]

Biotechnology cancer Cancer Discovery Medical Devices

New Non-Invasive Test for Urothelial Cancer Emerging

Urothelial cancers of the bladder and upper urinary tract are among the most common cancers encountered worldwide. In the United States, urothelial cancers are among the most costly cancers to treat. With early diagnosis, followed by surgery, most urothelial cancers can be cured. Now an international team of cancer researchers including Kate Dickman, PhD, of the […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Taking a Standard Prostate Cancer Drug with Food Boosts Impact, Lowers Cost

By taking a high-cost drug with a low-fat meal—instead of on an empty stomach, as prescribed—prostate cancer patients could decrease their daily dose, prevent digestive issues and cut costs by 75 percent, according to a new study in the March 28, 2018, issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO). Abiraterone acetate, marketed as Zytiga®, is […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

A Combination of Cancer Immunotherapies Could Save More Lives

Scientists at the University of Southampton have discovered a new combination of cancer immunotherapy treatment that could improve patients’ survival rates. The pre-clinical study, published in Clinical Cancer Research, by Dr Sarah Buchan and colleagues, combined antibodies targeting PD-1/PD-L1, a type of immunotherapy known as checkpoint blockade that overcomes the resistance of cancer cells to the […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Obesity is Shifting Cancer to Young Adults

A Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine researcher has compiled evidence from more than 100 publications to show how obesity increases risk of 13 different cancers in young adults. The meta-analysis describes how obesity has shifted certain cancers to younger age groups, and intensified cellular mechanisms promoting the diseases. Cancer typically associated with older […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Gene-Based Test for Urine Detects, Monitors Bladder Cancer

Researchers at The Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center have developed a test for urine, gathered during a routine procedure, to detect DNA mutations identified with urothelial cancers. UroSEEK uses urine samples to seek out mutations in 11 genes or the presence of abnormal numbers of chromosomes that would indicate the presence of DNA associated with bladder cancer […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

World’s Largest Animal Study on Cell Tower Radiation Confirms Cancer Link

Scientists call on the World Health Organization International Agency for the Research on Cancer to re-evaluate the carcinogenicity of cell phone radiation after the Ramazzini Institute and US government studies report finding the same unusual cancers. Researchers with the renowned Ramazzini Institute (RI) in Italy announce that a large-scale lifetime study of lab animals exposed to environmental […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Improved Capture of Cancer Cells Could Aid in Disease Tracking

Researchers at the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and University of Wisconsin-Madison have demonstrated improved methods of capturing free-floating cancer cells that are cast-off from tumors, and circulating in the blood. If these cast-off cells can be accurately counted, they could provide an additional way to track treatment or screen for disease. […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Higher doses of radiation don’t improve survival in prostate cancer

A new study shows that higher doses of radiation do not improve survival for many patients with prostate cancer, compared with the standard radiation treatment. The analysis, which included 104 radiation therapy oncology groups across North America, was led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Past studies have shown that […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Polymer Nanoparticle Shows Ability to Locate and Treat Breast Tumors

One major problem in treating cancer is identifying the location of small tumors and treating them before they metastasize. In an effort to overcome that problem, researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center have developed a fluorescing nanoparticle capable of finding tumors, lighting up upon arrival and being activated with light to generate heat to […]

cancer

Researchers Move Closer to Improved Method of Detecting Breast Cancer

Engineering researchers at the University of Arkansas have moved closer to developing an alternative method of detecting and possibly treating breast cancer. The researchers, led by Magda El-Shenawee, professor of electrical engineering, work with pulsed, terahertz imaging, a type of electromagnetic radiation technology previously used to find land mines. They adapted the technology to detect […]

cancer

New Study Shows Repurposing Leukemia Drugs May Prevent Melanoma Metastasis

Data from a new study led by University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers shows that repurposing drugs used to treat leukemia has promise for preventing melanoma metastasis. Published in Science Signaling, the study showed new evidence linking the activation of ABL kinases – cancer-promoting genes – to the secretion of pro-metastatic cathepsins in melanoma. Cathepsins are […]

cancer Clinical Trials

Phase I Clinical Trial Shows Some Promise for Investigational Drug for Melanoma

An investigational compound designed to block a hyperactive cell growth signal in advanced melanoma and other cancers has shown some promise in an early-stage clinical trial, researchers at the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and other institutions have reported. In JCI Insight, UNC Lineberger’s Stergios Moschos, MD, and colleagues published the results […]