Infectious Diseases

‘Molecular Scissors’ Could Be Key to Cutting Off Diseases Including HIV Infection

One way to fight diseases including HIV infection and autoimmune disorders could involve changing how a naturally occurring enzyme called SAMHD1 works to influence the immune system, new research suggests. The study, led by researchers from The Ohio State University, details how the enzyme influences proteins that stimulate the immune response. SAMHD1 isn’t a molecular […]

Cardiology

Individuals with HIV at Higher Risk for Heart Disease

A review of more than 80 studies reveals that changes in the immune cells of people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection may increase their risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The review is published in the journal Physiology. Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) consists of a “cocktail” of several drugs that work together to reduce the amount of detectable […]

Biotechnology rare diseases

UAB Celebrates World AIDS Day 2016 and 30 Years of Research in the Clinical Trials Network

The AIDS Clinical Trials Group Network and the University of Alabama at Birmingham’s 1917 Clinic celebrate 30 years of AIDS research Dec. 2, just one day after World AIDS Day 2016. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 1.2 million people are living with HIV/AIDS in the United States; globally, the […]

cancer Cancer Discovery Cell Therapy Vaccines

UMN researchers find distinct differences in structure, features of retroviruses

In the most comprehensive study of its kind, researchers in the Institute for Molecular Virology and School of Dentistry at the University of Minnesota report that most types of retroviruses have distinct, non-identical virus structures. Researchers analyzed seven different retroviruses including two types of HIV as well as HTLV-1, a virus that causes T-cell leukemia. […]

Biotechnology

New Method Developed to Preserve Microfluidic Devices for HIV Monitoring in Developing Countries

Providing vital health care services to people in developing countries without reliable electricity, refrigeration and state-of-the-art medical equipment poses a number of challenges. Inspired by pregnancy tests, researchers from Florida Atlantic University, Stanford University, and Baskent University in Turkey, have developed a novel method to store microfluidic devices for CD4 T cell testing in extreme […]