Biotechnology

New Breakthroughs Offer Hope for Patients with Cystic Fibrosis to Breathe Easier

Two preliminary trials have found that either of two triple-drug regimens could potentially benefit 90 percent of people with cystic fibrosis. The short-term trials found that the drug combinations improved adult patients’ lung function over four weeks. But experts said they were optimistic the results will hold up in the larger, longer-term trials already underway. […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Compound Derived From Chinese Tree Bark Shows Promise as Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer

 A new derivative of a compound found in the bark of a rare Chinese tree has powerful anticancer properties and a low toxicity profile, according to researchers at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center. Results of their study of the effects of the compound F118 in pancreatic cancer were published in the Journal of Experimental & Clinical […]

Diabetes

Amount of Weight Regain After Bariatric Surgery Helps Predict Health Risks

Measuring the percentage of weight regained following the maximum amount of weight lost after bariatric surgery can help predict a patient’s risk of several serious health problems, according to a long-term, multicenter study led by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers. The results, published today in JAMA, also found that, while on average study participants […]

Breast Cancer cancer Cancer Discovery Cancer screening

Researchers Identify a New Way to Determine Whether Metastatic Cancer Cells in Breast Cancer Patients are Dormant or Soon to Turn Deadly

For the first time ever, Mount Sinai researchers have identified a protein as a marker that can indicate whether a cancer patient will develop a reoccurrence of lethal, metastatic cancer, according to a clinical study published in Breast Cancer Research in October. The researchers found that when cells from a breast cancer patient’s original tumor metastasized into […]

Breast Cancer cancer

Innovative regional anesthesia technique reduces pain, opioid use after mastectomy for breast cancer

Women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer experience improved postsurgical pain relief and reduced opioid consumption when given a pectoralis nerve plane (PECS) block prior to surgery, suggests research presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2018 annual meeting. The PECS block is a newer regional anesthesia technique that works by injecting long-acting anesthetics, guided by ultrasound, to numb the front […]

Diagnostic Testing Medical Cannabis

New DNA-based Pathogen Testing Technology for the Cannabis Industry Announced

PathogenDx, Inc., the innovative provider of DNA-based pathogen testing technology for the cannabis industry, announced today the release of the first quantitative microarray-based test for cannabis, PDx-Quant™, which can determine whether or not a sample exceeds a state or a federal regulatory agency’s specific standards.  This one-stop microbial testing technology delivers a completely different level […]

Biotechnology

New approach could jumpstart breathing after spinal cord injury

 A research team at the Krembil Research Institute in Toronto has developed an innovative strategy that could help to restore breathing following traumatic spinal cord injury. The team, led by principal investigator Dr. Michael Fehlings – a neurosurgeon/neuroscientist, specialist in spinal cord injury and senior scientist at UHN – published its findings today in the […]

Parkinson's

Deep Brain Stimulation First Therapy to Slow the Progression of Parkinson’s Disease

Peter Konrad, MD, presents exciting findings that show Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) in early stage Parkinson’s Disease may slow tremor progress at the Congress of Neurological Surgeon’s (CNS) 2018 Annual Meeting, on Wednesday, October 10, in the General Scientific Session. “DBS is the first therapy to show disease modifying effect—it can […]

Breast Cancer cancer Cancer Discovery

New Study Shows Promise for Targeting Breast Cancer Metastasis

 A new study by University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center researchers suggests that targeting a protein known as collagen XIII could be key for suppressing breast cancer metastasis. Breast cancers begin in the epithelial cells, which are the cells that line organs and tissues in the body. Generally, most epithelial cells will die after detaching from their […]

cancer Clinical Trials drug development Surgery

Neoadjuvant Combination Checkpoint Blockade Trial Yields High Response Rates for Patients with High-Risk Stage 3 Melanoma

Combination checkpoint blockade before surgery (neoadjuvant therapy) produced a high response rate among patients with high-risk stage 3 melanoma, with nearly half having no sign of disease at surgery, but a high incidence of side effects caused the trial to be closed early. The phase II study was led by researchers at The University of […]

Kidney disease kidney function decline

High Blood Levels of Inflammatory Marker Linked with Kidney Function Decline in Healthy Adults

A large multi-ethnic study of healthy individuals found that high circulating levels of an inflammatory marker are linked with long-term decline of kidney function. The results, which appear in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN), may lead to new insights on the mechanisms behind the development of kidney […]

Biotechnology

Johns Hopkins Grant Project Looks at Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment Resistances

 Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center received a $3.1 million grant to study the resistance of limited stage small cell lung cancer to a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy (chemoradiation). The National Institutes of Health awarded the grant to researchers from The Johns Hopkins University, co-led by Luigi Marchionni, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of […]

Biotechnology Regenerative Medice stem cells

New Technique Uses Umbilical Cord Stem Cells for Early Repair of Cleft Palate

A technique using umbilical cord blood stem cells could be a promising new approach for repair of cleft palate in infants, reports a paper in The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.  Performed as part of reconstructive surgery when the infant is a few months old, the stem cell procedure provides good results in growing new bone to close the upper […]

Biotechnology

How the Brain Bounces Back: Mouse Study Reveals that Activity, not Rest, Speeds Recovery After Brain Injury

When recovering from a brain injury, getting back in the swing of things may be more effective than a prolonged period of rest, according to a new Columbia study in mice. These findings offer a compelling example of the brain’s remarkable capacity to adapt in response to trauma. They also point to new, activity-centered treatment […]

Biotechnology

Hopkins Researchers Use Endoscope to Deliver Gene Therapy in Animal Study

Fixing or replacing faulty genes has emerged as a key to unlocking cures for numerous devastating diseases. But if the new, engineered genes can’t find their way into the patient’s genomic sequence, they won’t help. Johns Hopkins gastroenterologists Florin Selaru and Vivek Kumbhari believe they’ve taken a major step in the direction of helping patients with certain liver disorders […]

Biotechnology Breast Cancer cancer Cancer Discovery Cancer screening Clinical Trials genes

New Study Finds Nanoparticles Show Promise in Therapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Approximately 10-20 percent of diagnosed breast cancers are found to be triple-negative, meaning the breast cancer cells test negative for estrogen and progesterone receptors as well as HER2 receptors, genes that can play a role in the development of breast cancer. Triple-negative breast cancer can be more aggressive and difficult to treat as the cancer […]

Neurodegenerative diseases Neurology Neuroscience Parkinson's

Researchers Evaluate Controversial Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease Psychosis

 In the wake of media and public reports about increased mortality linked to a new drug for treating Parkinson’s disease psychosis (PDP) — a symptom of the progressive nervous system disorder in which patients experience hallucinations and delusions — researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine conducted a retrospective study of qualifying […]

Alzheimers and Dementia

Meditation and music may improve memory of those at-risk for Alzheimer’s Disease

September is World Alzheimer’s Month, and subjective cognitive decline, or SCD, can be a warning sign for the disease. Symptoms can include losing one’s train of thought, forgetting the content of a movie soon after the credits roll and feeling overwhelmed when making plans or coordinating events. Kim Innes, an epidemiology professor from the West Virginia University School of […]