Biotechnology

Detecting Epigenetic Signature May Help People Stay Ahead of IBD

With an estimated 1.6 million people in the U.S. dealing with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), physicians can have a hard time telling which newly diagnosed patients have a high risk of severe inflammation or what therapies will be most effective. Now researchers report in the journal JCI Insights finding an epigenetic signature in patient cells that appears […]

Biotechnology

Researchers find adult stem cell characteristics in aggressive cancers from different tissues

UCLA researchers have discovered genetic similarities between the adult stem cells responsible for maintaining and repairing epithelial tissues — which line all of the organs and cavities inside the body — and the cells that drive aggressive epithelial cancers. Their findings could bring about a better understanding of how aggressive, treatment-resistant cancers develop and progress, and […]

Biotechnology

CRISPR Screen Identifies Gene That Helps Cells Resist West Nile, Zika Viruses

UT Southwestern researchers today report the first use of CRISPR genome-wide screening to identify a gene that helps cells resist flavivirus infection. That nasty class of pathogens includes West Nile virus, dengue fever, Zika virus, and yellow fever. In a study published in Nature Microbiology, the team led by Dr. John Schoggins, Assistant Professor of Microbiology, used […]

Biotechnology Cell Therapy Infectious Diseases rare diseases

Cancer Drug and Antidepressants Provide Clues for Treating Fatal Brain-Eating Amoeba Infections

The amoeba Naegleria fowleri is commonly found in warm swimming pools, lakes and rivers. On rare occasions, the amoeba can infect a healthy person and cause severe primary amebic meningoencephalitis, a “brain-eating” disease that is almost always fatal. Other than trial-and-error with general antifungal medications, there are no treatments for the infection. Researchers at Skaggs […]

Biotechnology Clinical Trials stem cells

Human Neural Stem Cells Drive Spine Regeneration in Rats

Stem cells maintained in culture renewed long regions of spinal cord in rat transplant model NIBIB-funded researchers generated stable lines of spinal cord neural stem cells in a laboratory dish. Once transplanted into a rat model of spinal cord injury, the cells enabled robust regeneration of functional neurons along the length of the spine. The […]

Vaccines

Repeat Vaccination Is Safe for Most Kids with Mild to Moderate Reactions

Children who experience some type of adverse event following initial immunization have a low rate of recurrent reactions to subsequent vaccinations, reports a study in The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, the official journal  of The European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer. “Most patients with a history of mild or moderate adverse events following immunization [AEFI] can be […]

Environmental Health

Mixed chemicals in beauty products may harm women’s hormones

As we go about our daily lives, we are exposed to many different chemicals that could have negative effects on our hormones. These hormonal changes have been linked to several adverse health outcomes such as breast cancer and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, understanding chemicals that influence hormone levels is important for public health–and particularly for women’s […]

Parkinson's

ADHD May Increase Risk of Parkinson’s Disease and Similar Disorders

While about 11 percent of children (4-17 years old) nationwide have been diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the long-term health effects of having ADHD and of common ADHD medications remains understudied. Researchers at University of Utah Health found that ADHD patients had an increased risk of developing Parkinson’s and Parkinson-like diseases than individuals with […]

Biotechnology

Robot Helps with Early Screening for Alzheimer’s Patients

September is World Alzheimer’s Awareness Month and a new project in collaboration with UP Health System Portage investigates how technology can assist doctors in earlier diagnosis of the neurodegenerative disease. Alzheimer’s is the most common form of dementia. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports as many as five million Americans had the […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

Queen’s Researchers Discover Ground-Breaking Process Which Destroys Bowel Cancer Cells

Researchers at Queen’s University Belfast have discovered a ground-breaking therapeutic process that can target and kill bowel cancer cells, which may improve survival rates for bowel cancer patients globally. The research, which has been published in the prestigious journal of Molecular Cancer Therapeutics, is deemed the first of its kind with the discovery of a novel treatment […]

Cancer Discovery

Eureka Therapeutics Achieves Regression of Metastatic Liver Cancer Using T-Cell Therapy

Eureka Therapeutics, a clinical stage biopharmaceutical company with the goal of curing cancer by developing novel T-cell therapies that harness the evolutionary power of the immune system, announced preliminary safety and clinical results from its ongoing proof-of-concept study of ET140202 T-cell therapy in AFP-positive patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most prevalent form of liver […]

Neurology Neuroscience

Hypertension Drugs Could Prevent Memory Loss in Lupus Patients, Study Suggests

Researchers from The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research have discovered that the activation of brain cells called microglia likely contributes to the memory loss and other cognitive impairments suffered by many patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The study, which will be published September 5 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, shows that ACE inhibitors—a class […]

Biotechnology Clinical Trials Gene Therapy genes

Proof of Concept Study Aims for Rapid Genotyping to Guide Epilepsy Treatment

An easy and inexpensive test for the HLA-B*15:02 allele could one day allow clinicians to quickly identify which epilepsy patients are at risk of carbamazepine hypersensitivity, according to study results presented by Gita V. Soraya at ILAE’s 2018 Asian & Oceanian Epilepsy Congress in Bali. “This study has provided the proof of principle evidence for […]

cancer Cancer Discovery

New Test Uncovers Metabolic Vulnerabilities in Kidney Cancer

 In order to halt the growth of cancer cells, you have to know what feeds them. Researchers at the nationally recognized Kidney Cancer Program at UT Southwestern’s Harold C. Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center have developed a novel approach using glucose that may open up new opportunities for therapeutic intervention. Kidney cancer is one of the […]

cancer Cancer Discovery Immunotherapies

Discovery Could Lead to Higher Response Rates for Bladder Cancer Patients Treated with Immunotherapy

Mount Sinai researchers have discovered that a particular type of cell present in bladder cancer may be the reason why so many patients do not respond to the groundbreaking class of drugs known as PD-1 and PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors, which enable the immune system to attack tumors. In a study published in August in Nature […]

Breast Cancer cancer Cancer Discovery Clinical Trials

Researchers to Test Novel Drug Combination Against Toughest Breast Cancers

Phase I clinical trial will combine standard chemotherapy with cirmtuzumab, a drug that has shown promise against a variety of cancer types Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have launched a phase Ib clinical trial to assess the safety and tolerability of cirmtuzumab, in combination with standard chemotherapy, to treat metastatic or […]